Peripheral Nervous System

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Course Outline for Peripheral Nervous System

Planning assessments and treatments for common nerve compressions and injuries Course Purpose This course is for any massage therapist or bodyworker wanted to expand their knowledge on the peripheral nervous system and the associated pathologies. In this course you will learn about nine different peripheral nervous system conditions, as well as the steps to perform […]

200 – Introduction

Peripheral nervous system disorders include a great deal of conditions with a wide variety of symptoms and causes. Just a small area can be affected, or the entire body depending on the condition. Symptoms can vary with sensory involvement, as a subtle numbness or intense pain, and can also affect muscle function. Peripheral nerve injuries […]

201 – General Overview

The peripheral nervous system is the part of the nervous system that is outside the brain and spinal cord. It consists of 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs of spinal nerves. The 31 pairs of spinal nerves are broken down into five groups: 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral and 1 […]

202 – Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a compression syndrome involving the brachial plexus and sometimes the brachial artery. There are several types of TOS: the compression can be just the nerve bundle, or the neurovascular bundle, or just the brachial artery. Onset is usually gradual, and most cases can be resolved with conservative treatments. In severe […]

203 – Radial Nerve Lesions

A lesion of the radial nerve results in paralysis of the muscles the radial nerve supplies. With injuries proximal to the elbow, there will be sensory and motor changes. If the lesion is below the elbow, there are usually sensory OR motor changes. The radial nerve arises from the posterior cord of the brachial plexus, […]

204 – Ulnar Nerve Lesions

Ulnar nerve lesions at the elbow are the second most common lesions after carpal tunnel syndrome. Compression usually occurs at the elbow in the cubital tunnel, or at the wrist in the tunnel of Guyon. Compression at the elbow occurs internally when the elbow is flexed, or it occurs externally when the elbow is extended. […]

205 – Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a disorder of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel, caused by compression, stretching, or irritation. The carpal tunnel is made of the carpal bones on the posterior side, and the transverse carpal ligament on the anterior side. Nine tendons plus the median nerve pass though the carpal tunnel and […]

206 – Meralgia Paresthetica

Meralgia paresthetica is a compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) which supplies sensation to the anterior-lateral thigh. It is a relatively common condition that is frequently misdiagnosed. It affects a wide age range of clients from age 1 to 80, but most commonly strikes clients age 30-65. There is dispute as to whether […]

207 – Sciatica

The term “sciatica” does not have one standard definition, but usually refers to low back pain as a result of a nerve root compression. Nine out of ten cases is caused by a prolapsed disc and it is the most common cause of radiating leg pain in the United States (Atlas, Keller, et al., 2005). […]

208 – Piriformis Syndrome

Compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle is known as piriformis syndrome; but it is also known as “pseudo-sciatica.” It is very important to distinguish between piriformis syndrome and sciatica so the appropriate treatment can be determined. Clients will experience symptoms very similar to sciatica, because it is a compression of the sciatic […]

209 – Bell’s Palsy

Bell’s palsy is the inflammation of the facial nerve causing paralysis and an asymmetric face. It is most often unilateral, and causes one side of the face to sag, a crooked smile and a drooping eye that the client can’t close. It has a very rapid onset, usually overnight, but can take up to three […]

210 – Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is an uncommon condition that causes intense pain in the nerve’s distribution. It occurs most often in women ages 50-70, and is 90% unilateral (Goodman et al. 2003). Clients describe sudden, explosive knife-like pain as a relapse that may last for weeks to months, and the remissions can last for months to years. […]

211 – Peripheral Nervous System Final Exam

This next quiz is the final exam. It consists of 40 questions and you must achieve a grade of 70% or more on it. If not you will not receive a certificate. Click “View the Lesson Quiz” below to begin the final exam. Once you complete the exam, click “Save” and then “Complete Lesson” in […]